Detail of the amazing carving on the front tower of Canterbury Cathedral. Canterbury Cathedral in Kent, England. Canterbury Cathedral is the seat of the Arch-Bishop of Canterbury, the head of the Anglican Church. St Augustine’s original building (about 600AD) lies beneath the floor of the Nave – it was extensively rebuilt and enlarged by the Saxons, and the Cathedral was rebuilt completely by the Normans in 1070 following a major fire. There have been many additions to the building over the last nine hundred years, but parts of the Quire (or Choir) and some of the windows and their stained glass date from the 12th century.