Rockhopper Penguin, Falkland Islands
The Falkland Islands have one of the largest populations of Southern Rockhopper penguins - Eudyptes (chrysocome) chrysocome. They are one of the smallest species of penguin in the world. They range from 2.3-2.7 kg where males are larger than females. Rockhopper penguins are carnivorous birds, and they survive on marine animals. Primarily, the rockhopper penguin’s diet consists of krill and small crustaceans, which may include crabs, lobsters, crayfish, or shrimp. They also hunt larger organisms like squid and myctophid fish. Rockhopper penguins eat more krill than they do fish; their diet changes when they migrate and as the seasons change. Rockhopper penguins can be at sea for days while hunting. They can dive up to 330 feet (100 m) for several minutes at a time while looking for prey.